CORRECT WAY TO BURN WOOD & MINIMIZE TAR
Our tips for you...
Proper wood burning requires a high temperature, plenty of air, and proper fuel load size. Burning wood goes through three stages: Drying, smoke producing, and charcoal. Creosote forms in the smoke producing stage. The factors that increase creosote in the chimney are: Large amounts of smoke, smoke lingering in the chimney a long time & a cold chimney.
Don’t use pitchy fuels such as pine or other forms of soft wood. Use hardwoods such as oak, birch & maple.
Maintain a hot flaming fire.
Make sure air can go through the ashes to the wood.
Introduce plenty of air, especially during the first 30 minutes in the smoke producing stage.
Maintain a light film of smoke exciting the chimney.
In wood stove, the warmer it is outdoors the smaller the load size.
Maintain 250◦ - 450◦ on stove pipe surface.
Burn wood, don’t smoke it.
Stoves only let in so much air. Don’t produce more smoke than there is available air to burn smoke.
Wood variables for Fireplaces & Woodstoves:
Moisture content—very dry—15% green to seasoned (produces smoke slower)
Load size—large—small—less than ½ full (produces less smoke)
Size of pieces—small—large (produces smoke slower)
Anti-Creosote Chemicals (makes tar brushable)
Use with HOT fires—(1) bottle each season depending on excessive burning
According to the Chimney Safety Institute of America(CSIA), a chimney fire can occur in as little as one week after a chimney has been swept. Some things that would put you more at risk or shorten the time it would take to have a chimney fire are: incomplete combustion, tar, improper installation of a pipe or stove, an improperly built chimney, burning paper, or inaccessible areas. If you do have a chimney fire, it should be swept and evaluated for damage as per the NFPA 211codes and regulations.